Synthetic stones are created artificially in a factory or laboratory, but have the same physical, chemical and optical characteristics as their natural counterparts. These stones usually have high luster, and is difficult to tell the difference from natural stones with the naked eye.
Amber is fossilized tree resin (not sap), which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times. Much valued from antiquity to the present as a gemstone, amber is made into a variety of decorative objects. The abnormal development of resin in living trees (succinosis) can result in the formation of amber. Inclusions of other substances can cause amber to have an unexpected color. Pyrites may give a bluish color. Bony amber owes its cloudy opacity to numerous tiny bubbles inside the resin.