Lapis is a deep blue semi-precious stone prized since antiquity for its intense color. The intense blue color is due to the presence of the trisulfur (S3) radical anion in the crystal. Lapis lazuli is a rock whose most important mineral component is lazurite. Most lapis lazuli also contains calcite (white), sodalite (blue), and pyrite (metallic yellow). Lapis takes an excellent polish and can be made into jewelry, carvings, boxes, mosaics, ornaments, small statues, and vases.
Malachite is a copper carbonate hydroxide mineral. Malachite often results from weathering of copper ores and is often found together with azurite, goethite, and calcite. Except for its vibrant green color, the properties of malachite are similar to those of azurite and aggregates of the two minerals occur frequently.