Oligoclase is a rock-forming mineral belonging to the plagioclase feldspars. The Mohs hardness is 6-6.5 and the specific gravity is 2.64-2.66. In color it is usually white, with shades of grey, green, or red.
Rutile is a mineral composed primarily of titanium dioxide. Rutile has among the highest refractive indices at visible wavelengths of any known crystal, and also exhibits a particularly large birefringence and high dispersion. Small rutile needles present in gems are responsible for an optical phenomenon known as asterism. Asteriated gems are known as "star" gems. Star sapphires, star rubies, and other "star" gems are highly sought after and are generally more valuable than their normal counterparts.