Ceramic is an inorganic, non-metallic, often crystalline oxide, nitride or carbide material. Some elements, such as carbon or silicon, may be considered ceramics. Ceramic materials are brittle, hard, strong in compression, and weak in shearing and tension. They withstand chemical erosion that occurs in other materials subjected to acidic or caustic environments. Ceramics generally can withstand very high temperatures, such as temperatures that range from 1,000 °C to 1,600 °C (1,800 °F to 3,000 °F).
Oligoclase is a rock-forming mineral belonging to the plagioclase feldspars. The Mohs hardness is 6-6.5 and the specific gravity is 2.64-2.66. In color it is usually white, with shades of grey, green, or red.