Stone or rock, is a naturally occurring solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids. They have been used by mankind throughout history. From the Stone Age, stones have been used for tools. The minerals and metals found in stones have been essential to human civilization.
Garnets are a group of silicate minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones and abrasives. All species of garnets possess similar physical properties and crystal forms, but differ in chemical composition. Garnet species are found in many colors including red, orange, yellow, green, purple, brown, blue, black, pink, and colorless, with reddish shades most common. The mineral group shows a range of hardness on the Mohs scale of about 6.5-7.5.