Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrated phosphate of copper and aluminum. It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been prized as a gem and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique hue. The finest of turquoise reaches a maximum hardness of just under 6, or slightly more than window glass. The luster of turquoise is typically waxy to sub vitreous, and transparency is usually opaque, but may be semi translucent in thin sections. Color is as variable as the mineral's other properties, ranging from white to a powder blue to a sky blue, and from a blue-green to a yellowish green.
Gold(14K) A coating of gold is deposited on the item using the galvanic method or IP process. It is mixed with other metals, usually silver or copper, to make it less expensive, harder, and longer lasting while preserving the brilliance of pure gold. 14k gold is 14/24 of pure gold, which is approximately 58.3% pure gold.