Resin is a durable and transparent plastic that is especially suited for jewelry-making because of its ease of use. It begins in a liquid form, but after being casted, becomes quite durable. Special resin molds with smooth surfaces are created to give it a glossy finish.
Jade is an ornamental rock. The term jade is applied to two different metamorphic rocks that are composed of different silicate minerals: nephrite and jadeite. Nephrite and jadeite were used from prehistoric periods for hardstone carving. Jadeite has about the same hardness as quartz. Nephrite is slightly softer, but is tougher (more resistant to breakage) than jadeite.