Ceramic is an inorganic, non-metallic, often crystalline oxide, nitride or carbide material. Some elements, such as carbon or silicon, may be considered ceramics. Ceramic materials are brittle, hard, strong in compression, and weak in shearing and tension. They withstand chemical erosion that occurs in other materials subjected to acidic or caustic environments. Ceramics generally can withstand very high temperatures, such as temperatures that range from 1,000 °C to 1,600 °C (1,800 °F to 3,000 °F).
Black coating uses either ruthenium or TIN cobalt black to give a piece of jewelry a light black or completely black appearance. It is very durable and resistant to scratches. Black plating gives the jewelry piece a sense of masculinity and high-tech.