Glass Bead have been dated back to at least the Roman times. They are usually categorized by the method used to manipulate the glass - wound beads, drawn beads, and molded beads. There are composites, such as millefiori beads, where cross-sections of a drawn glass cane are applied to a wound glass core. A very minor industry in blown glass beads also existed in 19th-century Venice and France.
Gold(14K) A coating of gold is deposited on the item using the galvanic method or IP process. It is mixed with other metals, usually silver or copper, to make it less expensive, harder, and longer lasting while preserving the brilliance of pure gold. 14k gold is 14/24 of pure gold, which is approximately 58.3% pure gold.