Iron is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth's outer and inner core. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust. Pure iron is relatively soft, but is unobtainable by smelting. The material is significantly hardened and strengthened by impurities, in particular carbon, from the smelting process. A certain proportion of carbon (between 0.002% and 2.1%) produces steel, which may be up to 1000 times harder than pure iron.
White Metal is any alloy that is light-colored, and is used especially as a base for plated silverware, ornaments and jewelry. Some of the metals used to create this alloy are antimony, tin, lead, cadmium, bismuth and zinc. Not all of these metals are found in all white metal alloys, but are combined to achieve a desired need, such as being able to be casted and polished.