Iron is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth's outer and inner core. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust. Pure iron is relatively soft, but is unobtainable by smelting. The material is significantly hardened and strengthened by impurities, in particular carbon, from the smelting process. A certain proportion of carbon (between 0.002% and 2.1%) produces steel, which may be up to 1000 times harder than pure iron.
Gold(14K) A coating of gold is deposited on the item using the galvanic method or IP process. It is mixed with other metals, usually silver or copper, to make it less expensive, harder, and longer lasting while preserving the brilliance of pure gold. 14k gold is 14/24 of pure gold, which is approximately 58.3% pure gold.